Friday, 23 November 2012

Object pronouns

Position of Object Pronouns

An object pronoun generally goes before the verb.

Me dio el libro:  he gave me the book
Exceptions: when a conjugated verb is used with an infinitive or present participle, the object pronouns can either precede the conjugated verb or be attached to the infinitive or participle
Voy a leerlo,
lo voy a leer =  I am going to read it
Estoy leyéndolo,
Lo estoy leyendo= I am reading it.

In affirmative commands, the object pronoun must follow the verb and is attached to it
Léalo a su madre!:  read it to your mother!.

When an indirect object and a direct object pronoun are used together, the indirect goes before the direct object pronoun
No te lo doy: I am not giving it to you
Léamelo: read it to me.

If both pronouns are of the third person, se is used instead of the indirect object le or les
Se lo di: I gave it to him
This se is not to be confused with the reflexive se
Se las lavaron they washed them.

Use the following pronouns for a direct object
Juan no me ve: John does not see me
Te quiero mucho: I like you a lot
Senor, no le comprendo: Sir, I don't understand you.
Senora, no la veo a Vd: Madame, I don't see you.
¿Dónde está tu libro? Ve a buscarlo! Where is your book? Go and get it!

Pronouns are definitely not an easy thing to understand. Practice is the best!
Follow this link for more explanations on the pronouns and other grammar topics.